English | فارسي
 
Untitled 1
 
  About Us
 History of Hockey

 

About Us  
 History of Hockey
History of Hockey: Early Years
The game of Hockey has been around from the time of early civilization. Some of the reports find the earliest origin of the game 4000 years back. Field hockey was reportedly played even before the birth of Christ. Basically known as the “ball and stick” game, it was played since ancient times in placesas  diverse as Rome, Scotland, Egypt and South America. The game was referred to by different names but the basic idea of playing the game was the same. The mostappropriateused term was “Hockie” by the Irish. Though the term was coined centuries ago, the word found its way through to the present generation.
In the 17th and early 18th century England, the game acquired a fiercely competitive and chaotic form. Villages would compete against their neighbouring hamlets and there were nearly 100 players in one team. The game was a matter of pride and manhood; so the game acquired a dangerous form. The game would last for half a month and many players would end up injured and grievously hurt. The umpires were there but they were more of mute spectators, who would make a call only if a team asked them to.
After some years, common sense and a logical and organized approach to the game came into play with the introduction ofrevisedof rules. The game was limited to 30 players for each team. The Eton College of England drafted some rules to bring sanity to the game. The Hockey Association was formed in the year 1875 and some of the rules chalked out were implemented. The results were quite positive and more rules like giving the umpire enough authority were soon drawn up to improve the quality of the game.
Hockey stick history
The hockey stick was introduced in the early 1800s. The first stick was created of wood with a flat blade. In the 1920s, hockey players began to tape their sticks to increase the hold and strengthen the blade. The banana curve or the bend in the blade which we see today was developed during the phase between the years 1957-1980. A certain player named Bobby Hull broke a stick at a practice match and began to play around with the “bent” stick and found to his amazement that there was far more accuracy in his shots. In the early 1980s, the sticks were formed of metals. By the turn of the 21st century, there have been three types of hockey sticks-wood, composite (reinforced wood sticks) and aluminum. The aluminum hockey sticks are most often used today because of their light weight, durable nature and replaceable blades.
 
 
Hockey in Iran
The Iran Hockey Federation was founded in 1972 where it was supposed to be the host of Asian Games.Prof.Javid was the first president of the Federation followed by Mr.Hazrati.Then the federation was changed to an Association and Mr. Dehkhoda took charge as its president. Later the governing body reverted to its original name of “Iran Hockey Federation”.
Mr.Hosseini ,Mr.Dehkhoda,Mr.Nematopr and Mr.BahramShafie assumed the presidency in successive terms and Mr.Shafie is the current president.
Iran has taken part in different tournaments but since 2007,Macau Asian Indoor Games Iranhas been crowned champion  in 2008,2009 , 2010 and 2014 Iran qualified for Indoor World cup 2011 in Poland with Germany being the winner and Iran 9th in ranking.Recently Iran participated for Indoor Hockey World Cup 2015 in Germany Leipzig with Holland being the winner and Iran 4th in ranking. ( MEN)
The outdoor version of the game which is most popular in world is also being played in Iran,and efforts are underway to improve Iran’s preferment in the indoor version of the games.